Hyundai i-30: Heater / PTC Heater

Hyundai i30 (PD) 2018-2024 Service Manual / Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning / Heater / PTC Heater

Description and operation
Description
The PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient) heater is installed at the exit or the backside of heater core.
The PTC heater is an electric heater using a PTC element as an auxiliary heating device that supplements deficiency of interior heat source in highly effective diesel engine. The electric heater heats up the interior by directly heating the air that passes through the heater. The name itself implies that the element has a proportional resistance change sensitive to temperature.

Operation Principle
ECM outputs a PTC ON signal and operates PTC relay 1. Then heater controller operates PTC relay 2 and PTC relay 3 with an interval of 15 seconds.
However, PTC relay 3 can be operated while battery voltage is above 12.4V.
Operating Condition
PTC heater operates according to the following conditions.
Battery voltage: 12.4V or above
Engine : Running
Ambient temperature and coolant temperature
Ambient
Temperature
Coolant
Temperature
PTC
Operation
Below -20°C
(-4°F)
Below 75°C (167°F)
ON
10°C (50°F)
Below 65°C (149°F)
ON
12°C (53.6°F) or above
-
OFF
-
80°C (176°F) or above
OFF

Repair procedures
Inspection
Operating Logic Test (Manual only)
Inspect the PTC operation by confirmation logic as follows;
1.
Entering
(1)
Set the Floor mode and maximum heating position.
(2)
Turn off the blower switch.
(3)
Press the intake (recirculation) button 5 times or more.
(4)
\Indicators of intake and A/C button are continuously flashed with an interval of 0.5 seconds.
(5)
Confirm the PTC operation by turn on the blower switch.
(6)
Each PTC relay is operated with an interval of 3 seconds.
(7)
The logic test will be automatically cancelled after 30 seconds.
In addition, it can be cancelled by followings;
Select A/C or intake (recirculation) switch
Ignition switch OFF
2.
Cancellation
Select A/C or intake (recirculation) switch.
Turn the ignition switch OFF.
The test is cancelled automatically after 30 seconds.
3.
If the PTC is not operated, substitute with a known-good PTC heater and check for proper operation.
If the problem is corrected, replace the PTC heater.
Operating Test
This test should be performed in the PTC ON conditions.
1.
Run the engine.
2.
Check the current on wiring with a clamp multi tester.
Pattern
Current (A)
PTC 1 ON
0.1 - 33
PTC 2 ON
0.1 - 33
PTC 3 ON
0.1 - 33
Total
0.1 - 100

3.
If the current is not specification, inspect related wiring.
Resistance Test
1.
Turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Disconnect the PTC heater connector.
3.
Measure the resistance between terminal 1, 2, 3 of PTC heater and ground line.
Resistance : 0.3 - 1.5 Ω
[Diesel]

Pin No.
Function
1
PTC 2
2
Gound
3
PTC 1
4
Gound
5
PTC 3

[Gasoline]

Pin No.
Function
1
-
2
Gound
3
PTC ON(+)
4
-

4.
If the measured resistance is not specification, replace the PTC heater with new one.
Replacement
[Gasoline]
1.
Disconnect the negative (-) battery terminal.
2.
Remove the floor console side cover [LH] (A).

3.
Disconnect the PTC heater connector.
4.
Remove the PTC heater core (A) after loosening the PTC heater mounting screws.

5.
To install, reverse the removal procedure.
[Diesel]
1.
Disconnect the negative (-) battery terminal.
2.
Remove the floor console side cover [LH] (A).

3.
Disconnect the PTC heater connector (A).

4.
Remove the PTC heater core (A) after loosening the PTC heater mounting screws.

5.
To install, reverse the removal procedure.

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