Hyundai i-30: Engine Control System / Description and operation

Hyundai i30 (PD) 2018-2024 Service Manual / Engine Control / Fuel System / Engine Control System / Description and operation

Description
If the Gasoline Engine Control system components (sensors, ECM, injector, etc.) fail, interruption to the fuel supply or failure to supply the proper amount of fuel for various engine operating conditions will result. The following situations may be encountered.
1.
Engine is hard to start or does not start at all.
2.
Unstable idle.
3.
Poor driveability
If any of the above conditions are noted, first perform a routine diagnosis that includes basic engine checks (ignition system malfunction, incorrect engine adjustment, etc.). Then, inspect the Gasoline Engine Control system components with the diagnostic tool.
  
Before removing or installing any part, read the diagnostic trouble codes and then disconnect the battery negative (-) terminal.
Before disconnecting the cable from battery terminal, turn the ignition switch to OFF. Removal or connection of the battery cable during engine operation or while the ignition switch is ON could cause damage to the ECM.
The control harnesses between the ECM and heated oxygen sensor are shielded with the shielded ground wires to the body in order to prevent the influence of ignition noises and radio interference. When the shielded wire is faulty, the control harness must be replaced.
When checking the generator for the charging state, do not disconnect the battery '+' terminal to prevent the ECM from damage due to the voltage.
When charging the battery with the external charger, disconnect the vehicle side battery terminals to prevent damage to the ECM.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)
[EOBD]
A malfunction indicator lamp illuminates to notify the driver that there is a problem with the vehicle. However, the MIL will go off automatically after 3 subsequent sequential driving cycles without the same malfunction. Immediately after the ignition switch is turned on (ON position - do not start), the MIL will illuminate continuously to indicate that the MIL operates normally.
Faults with the following items will illuminate the MIL.
Catalyst
Fuel system
Mass Air Flow Sensor (MAFS)
Intake Air Temperature Sensor (IATS)
Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECTS)
Throttle Position Sensor (TPS)
Upstream Oxygen Sensor
Upstream Oxygen Sensor Heater
Downstream Oxygen Sensor
Downstream Oxygen Sensor Heater
Injector
Misfire
Crankshaft Position Sensor (CKPS)
Camshaft Position Sensor (CMPS)
Evaporative Emission Control System
Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS)
Idle Speed Control Actuator (ISCA)
Power Supply
ECM/ PCM
MT/AT Encoding
Acceleration Sensor
MIL-on Request Signal
Power Stage
  
Refer to "Inspection Chart For Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC)" for more information.
[NON-EOBD]
A malfunction indicator lamp illuminates to notify the driver that there is a problem with the vehicle. However, the MIL will go off automatically after 3 subsequent sequential driving cycles without the same malfunction. Immediately after the ignition switch is turned on (ON position - do not start), the MIL will illuminate continuously to indicate that the MIL operates normally.
Faults with the following items will illuminate the MIL
Heated oxygen sensor (HO2S)
Mass Air Flow sensor (MAFS)
Throttle position sensor (TPS)
Engine coolant temperature sensor (ECTS)
Idle speed control actuator (ISCA)
Injectors
ECM
  
Refer to "Inspection Chart For Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC)" for more information.
[INSPECTION]
1.
After turning ON the ignition key, ensure that the light illuminates for about 5 seconds and then goes out.
2.
If the light does not illuminate, check for an open circuit in the harness, a blown fuse or a blown bulb.
Self-Diagnosis
The ECM monitors the input/output signals (some signals at all times and the others under specified conditions). When the ECM detects an irregularity, it records the diagnostic trouble code, and outputs the signal to the Data Link connector. The diagnosis results can be read with the MIL or the diagnostic tool. Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC) will remain in the ECM as long as battery power is maintained. The diagnostic trouble codes will, however, be erased when the battery terminal or ECM connector is disconnected, or by the diagnostic tool.
  
If a sensor connector is disconnected with the ignition switch turned on, the diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is recorded. In this case, disconnect the battery negative terminal (-) for 15 seconds or more, and the diagnosis memory will be erased.
The Relation Between DTC and Driving Pattern in EOBD System

1.
When the same malfunction is detected and maintained during two sequential driving cycles, the MIL will automatically illuminate.
2.
The MIL will go off automatically if no fault is detected after 3 sequential driving cycles.
3.
A Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) is recorded in ECM memory when a malfunction is detected after two sequential driving cycles. The MIL will illuminate when the malfunction is detected on the second driving cycle.
If a misfire is detected, a DTC will be recorded, and the MIL will illuminate, immediately after a fault is first detected.
4.
A Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) will automatically erase from ECM memory if the same malfunction is not detected for 40 driving cycles.
  
A "warm-up cycle" means sufficient vehicle operation such that the coolant temperature has risen by at least 40 degrees Fahrenheit from engine starting and reaches a minimum temperature of 160 degress Fahrenheit.
A "driving cycle" consists of engine startup, vehicle operation beyond the beginning of closed loop operation.

    Components and components location

    Components Location 1. ECM (Engine Control Module) 2. Mass Air Flow Sensor (MAFS) 3. Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor (MAPS) 4...

    Engine Control Module (ECM)

    Schematic diagrams ECM Terminal and Input / Output signal ECM Harness Connector ECM Terminal Function Connector [A] Terminal Description 1 Fuel Pressure Regulator Valve (FPRV) [High] Control 2 Integrated Thermal Management Module (ITM) Motor (+) 3 Integrated Thermal Management Module (ITM) Motor (-) 4 Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor (EGTS) #2 (T4) Ground [GPF Type] 5 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECTS) #1 Ground 6 - 7 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECTS) #2 Ground 8 Differential Pressure Valve (DPV) Ground 9 Rail Pressure Sensor (RPS) Ground 10 Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor (EGTS) Ground 11 Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor (MAPS) Ground 12 Electric Waste Gate Control Actuator (EWGA) Ground 13 EGR Pressure Sensor Ground 14 Oil Pressure & Temperature Sensors (OPTS) Ground 15 Electric Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EEGR) Control Valve Ground 16 - 17 A/C Pressure Transducer (APT) Ground 18 Sensor Power (+5V) (Camshaft Position Sensor (CMPS) [Bank 1 / Intake, Exhaust]) 19 Sensor Power (+5V) (Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor (MAPS)) Sensor Power (+5V) (Electric Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EEGR)) Sensor Power (+5V) (Crankshaft Position Sensor (CKPS)) 20 Sensor Power (+5V) (Oil Pressure & Temperature Sensors (OPTS)) Sensor Power (+5V) (Electric Throttle Control Module (ETC)) Sensor Power (+5V) (Rail Pressure Sensor (RPS)) 21 Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) Ground 22 Electric Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EEGR) Control Valve Motor (+) 23 Electric Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EEGR) Control Valve Motor (-) 24 Knock Sensor (KS ) Shield Ground 25 - 26 Ignition Coil (Cylider #3) Control 27 - 28 - 29 Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor (EGTS) #1 (T3) Ground [GPF Type] 30 - 31 - 32 - 33 EGR Pressure Sensor Signal 34 - 35 Integrated Thermal Management Module (ITM) Motor Ground 36 - 37 Camshaft Position Sensor (CMPS) [Bank 1 / Intake] Signal 38 - 39 Electric Waste Gate Control Actuator (EWGA) Signal 40 Sensor Power (+5V) (EGR Pressure Sensor) Sensor Power (+5V) (Electric Waste Gate Control Actuator (EWGA)) 41 Sensor Power (+5V) (Accelerator Position Sensor (APS #1)) 42 Sensor Power (+5V) (Brake Booster Vacuum Pressure Sensor (BBVPS)) Sensor Power (+5V) (A/C Pressure Transducer (APT)) 43 Injector (Cylinder #3) [+] Control 44 Injector (Cylinder #2) [+] Control 45 - 46 - 47 CCP-CAN [High] 48 Ignition Coil (Cylinder #1) Control 49 - 50 Neutral Switch [With ISG] 51 - 52 - 53 - 54 Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor (EGTS) #1 (T3) Signal [GPF Type] 55 - 56 Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor (EGTS) #2 (T4) Signal [GPF Type] 57 - 58 Differential Pressure Sensor (DPS) Signal 59 Exhaust Gas Temperature Sensor (EGTS) Signal 60 Camshaft Position Sensor (CMPS) [Bank 1 / Exhaust] Ground 61 Mass Air Flow Sensor (MAFS) Signal 62 - 63 Engine Speed Signal Output 64 Injector (Cylinder #1) [+] Control 65 Injector (Cylinder #4) [+] Control 66 Injector (Cylinder #3) [-] Control 67 Injector (Cylinder #4) [-] Control 68 Ignition Coil (Cylider #2) Control 69 CCP-CAN [Low] 70 Camshaft Position Sensor (CMPS) [Bank 1 / Exhaust] Signal 71 Crankshaft Position Sensor (CKPS) Ground 72 Ignition Lock Switch [M/T & Without Smart Key] 73 Oil Pressure Sensor (OPS) Signal 74 Intake Air Temperature Sensor (IATS) Signal 75 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECTS) #1 Signal 76 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor (ECTS) #2 Signal 77 Electric Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EEGR) Control Valve Signal 78 Differential Pressure Valve (DPV) Signal 79 Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) #2 Signal 80 Rail Pressure Sensor (RPS) Signal 81 - 82 Integrated Thermal Management Module (ITM) Motor Signal 83 Mass Air Flow Sensor (MAFS) Ground 84 A/C Pressure Transducer (APT) Signal 85 - 86 Injector (Cylinder #2) [-] Control 87 Injector (Cylinder #1) [-] Control 88 Fuel Pressure Regulator Valve (FPRV) [Low] Control 89 Differential Pressure Sensor (DPS) Ground 90 Ignition Coil (Cylinder #4) Control 91 Crankshaft Position Sensor (CKPS) Signal 92 - 93 Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) [Bank 1 / Sensor 2] Ground 94 - 95 Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) [Bank 1 / Sensor 2] Signal 96 - 97 Oil Temperature Sensor (OTS) Signal 98 Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) #1 Signal 99 - 100 - 101 Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor (MAPS) Signal 102 Camshaft Position Sensor (CMPS) [Bank 1/Intake] Ground 103 - 104 Knock Sensor (KS) Signal 105 Knock Sensor (KS) Ground Connector [B] Terminal Description 1 Chassis Ground 2 Chassis Ground 3 Battery Power (B+) (Battery) 4 Chassis Ground 5 Battery Power (B+) (Main Relay) 6 Battery Power (B+) (Main Relay) 7 - 8 - 9 Sensor Power (+5V) (Integrated Thermal Management Module (ITM) Motor) Sensor Power (+5V) (Mass Air Flow Sensor (MAFS)) 10 Sensor Power (+5V) (Accelerator Position Sensor (APS) #2) 11 Boost Pressure Sensor (BPS) Signal Input 12 Accelerator Position Sensor (APS) #2 Ground 13 Accelerator Position Sensor (APS) #1 Ground 14 Brake Booster Vacuum Pressure Sensor (BBVPS) Ground [With ISG] 15 - 16 Boost Pressure Sensor (BPS) Ground 17 Fuel Level Sender (FLS) Signal 18 Accelerator Position Sensor (APS #2) Signal 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 RCV Control Solenoid Valve Control 23 Cooling Fan Relay [PWM] Control 24 Electric Waste Gate Control Actuator (EWGA) DC Motor (+) Control 25 Electric Waste Gate Control Actuator (EWGA) DC Motor (-) Control 26 Ignition Switch Signal Input 27 Sensor Power (+5V) (Differential Pressure Sensor (DPS)) Sensor Power (+5V) (Differential Pressure Valve (DPV)) Sensor Power (+5V) (Boost Pressure Sensor (BPS)) 28 - 29 - 30 Brake Light Switch Signal Input 31 Brake Test Switch Signal Input 32 Accelerator Position Sensor (APS #1) Signal 33 - 34 ISG OFF Switch Signal Input [With ISG] 35 Start Signal Input 36 - 37 Fuel Pump Relay Control [W/O Smart Key] 38 DC/DC Converter (LDC) Control [With ISG] 39 - 40 Variable Oil Pump Valve Control 41 ETC Motor [+] Control 42 ETC Motor [-] Control 43 - 44 LIN communication signal input 45 C-CAN (Low) 46 - 47 - 48 Clutch Switch [M/T] 49 Wiper Switch Signal Input 50 Blower Motor MAX Input 51 Start Relay Control (Low Side) 52 - 53 - 54 Rear Defrost Switch Signal Input 55 - 56 - 57 - 58 Differential Pressure Valve (DPV) DC Motor (+) Control 59 Differential Pressure Valve (DPV) DC Motor (-) Control 60 Battery Power (B+) (Battery) 61 LIN Communication Signal input 62 C-CAN (High) 63 Brake Booster Vacuum Pressure Sensor (BBVPS) Signal [With ISG] 64 Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) [Bank 1 / Sensor 1] VS+ (NERNST Cell Voltage) 65 Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) [Bank 1 / Sensor 1] Rc (Compensative Resistance) 66 Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) [Bank 1 / Sensor 1] Rc/Rp (Pump Cell Voltage) 67 Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) [Bank 1 / Sensor 1] VS-/IP- (Common Ground for VS, IP) 68 - 69 A/C Compressor Relay Control 70 - 71 Start Relay Control (High side) 72 - 73 - 74 Engine Control Relay Control 75 Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) [Bank 1 / Sensor 1] Heater Control 76 Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) [Bank 1 / Sensor 2] Heater Control 77 Vehicle Speed Signal Input 78 CCP-CAN [High] 79 CCP-CAN [Low] 80 - 81 - 82 - 83 Purge Control Solenoid Valve (PCSV) Control 84 Fuel Pump Relay Control [With Smart Key] 85 ISG OFF Switch (IND...

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